Essay rules that are writing methods for great essay writing
The Internet is awash with not-so-helpful essay writing advice, rendering it tricky for students to obtain the advice they want when writing essays. So our experts that are academic written the following suggestions for you yourself to utilise before and whilst crafting your essay, to make certain your writing hits the mark.
Understand the question
This could, in the face of it, appear to be somewhat banal advice – but fact of the matter is that neglecting to properly comprehend the question set is one of, if you don’t the most typical cause of a disappointing grade when it comes to essay writing. Are you being asked to critically evaluate something? Compare and contrast? Analyse a circumstance that is particular? Evaluate the usefulness of a concept that is particular?
They are a few of the common phrases found in essay questions, and each indicates a set that is different of. If you are asked to critically evaluate a specific theoretical approach, by way of example, you need to gain a knowledge not only of said theory, but additionally other common approaches. They must all be weighed against each other, highlighting the relative strengths and weaknesses of every theory and, importantly, you must come to a well-justified and confident conclusion. Could be the theory good? Exactly what are its flaws? Just how can it be improved?
You don’t necessarily need to go into as much critical depth if you are asked to evaluate the usefulness of something, however. Yes, you ought to still acknowledge alternative approaches, and yes, you need to still note some strengths and weaknesses – nevertheless the bulk of the job must emphasise the concepts usefulness that is practical. Perhaps the best approach is to get one, or a few, case studies where in fact the theory has been used – the thing that was the end result for this? Does the use of the theory reveal any particular shortcomings, or strengths?
“Compare and contrast” essays, meanwhile, are essentially a hybrid regarding the above – you ought to take a crucial approach and measure the literature, but your focus has to remain solidly in the theories which you have now been asked to compare and contrast. It is essential to show which you understand both (or all) core theories in great depth, both on a theoretical and applied level.
In essence, the wording associated with essay question will tell you the way the essay must be written. It will probably indicate in which the focus of one’s essay should lie as you research and write.
Plan and schedule
Comprehending the question is the first step, but it is incredibly important which you make efficient utilization of the available time. Students often underestimate the amount of work required to write an excellent essay, which results in a couple of things: (1) late nights at the library, and (2) a disappointing grade. You should start planning your essay the moment you receive the essay question if you want to achieve a good mark. The following table might be a aid that is useful
|Understand the question||(Insert date)|
|Map the essay chapters||(Insert date)|
|Collect articles||(Insert date)|
|Read and take notes||(Insert date)|
|Start writing||(Insert date)|
|Finish first draft||(Insert date)|
|Hand in||(Insert date)|
By setting deadlines that you won’t be left with too much work right before your hand-in date for yourself and committing to stick to them, you are ensuring. It is also essential that you leave time, ideally a couple of days, between finishing your first draft and proofreading.
Perfect theories and academic approaches are rare – the clear majority of theories, arguments, and studies have flaws. Being descriptive is fine if you’re trying to scrape a pass, but also for an increased grade you’ll want to show that you are able to leverage critical reasoning in your coping with academic materials. Which are the limitations associated with theories you may be drawing on? How have these been dealt with into the literature? How can they impact the grade of arguments presented, and to what extent do they limit our understanding of what you are studying? What alternate explanations might offer additional depth?
Critical thinking is really what is likely to make your essay stick out. It shows the marker that important site you are not simply repeating the arguments that have been fed to you personally throughout your studies, but actually engaging with theories in an academic manner. A good method to practice this is certainly to cover careful attention when reading literature reviews in published articles – you will find that authors don’t simply summarise previous studies, but offer a critique resulting in a gap for their own research.
Structure, focus and flow
How you present your argument is nearly as important since the argument itself, and that’s why it is imperative that your essay follows a logical structure. A classic piece of advice is always to “tell them what you are going to let them know, then let them know, and inform them what you told them” – this, in essence, summarises the core introduction, main body, and conclusion structure of the essay.
Having an obvious and logical structure will help ensure that your essay stays focused, and doesn’t stray through the question being answered. Each section, paragraph, and sentence should add value to the argument you may be presenting. When you are writing, it is advisable that you take a step back and ask yourself “what value does this sentence/section add? How can it connect to my argument that is overarching?” If you learn which you can’t answer that question, there is certainly a higher risk that you have strayed from your own core argument, and you will want to reconsider the road you’re taking.
Its also wise to make sure that all of the different components of your essay fit together as a cohesive and logical whole, and therefore the transition from 1 argument to another location is fluid. Students often treat essays as lists of arguments, presenting one after the other with little to no consideration for the way they fit together, which inevitably contributes to a lesser grade. Be sure to inform your reader why you will be transitioning in one argument to a higher, why they’ve been in this order that is particular and exactly how each argument helps shed light on a particular element of what you are actually discussing.
If you should be still not one hundred percent sure, it is usually a smart idea to skip into the conclusion – this usually contains an in depth summary associated with the study, which can help determine whether you ought to read the article all together. You don’t want to spend time reading through and endless number of articles just to realize that they aren’t actually relevant. Once you’ve identified a couple of solid articles, you need to (a) proceed through their bibliographies and pay attention to who they really are citing, as they articles is going to be of value for your research that is own (b) check on Google Scholar to see that has cited them. To get this done, simply input the name of this article in the search bar and hit enter. When you look at the results, click “cited by” – this may return a listing of every one of the articles which have cited the publication you searched for.
It’s important that you haven’t engaged with the wider literature that you don’t rely too heavily on one or a couple of texts, as this indicates to the marker. You ought to be particularly careful in using course books (for example. “introduction to management” and the like), as they are essentially summaries of other people’s work.
Quoting, paraphrasing and plagiarism
Academic writing requires a careful balance between novel argument, and drawing on arguments presented by others. Writing a completely ‘novel’ essay, without drawing on a single source, indicates that you haven’t made yourself familiar with what had been published; citing someone for almost any point made implies that you haven’t produced a novel argument. As a result, it is important you are making a statement of fact, or drawing on arguments, frameworks, and theories presented by other academics that you provide evidence (a credible citation) when. These, in turn, should support the novel that is overarching that you yourself are making.